University of Connecticut University of UC Title Fallback Connecticut

Head Injury

What is a concussion?
You have suffered a head injury. Head injuries can commonly cause a mild disturbance of brain function. When this happens the injury is called a concussion.

Symptoms
•Headaches
•Mild confusion
•Unsteady feeling when walking
•Feeling cloudy
•Concentration problems
•Feeling tearful or irritable
•Delayed reaction times

Careful observation is important to determine if more significant injury has occurred. Symptoms usually improve within a few days. However, you must seek immediate medical care if symptoms worsen. A responsible person should stay with you to be sure that none of the symptoms below are developing. (S)he should periodically ask questions such as your name, date, location etc. to verify no worsening of speech or memory. If you are unable to answer correctly or if you appear confused, you must seek medical care immediately. It is not necessary to be awakened overnight. Individuals with a concussion will recover more rapidly if they are allowed to sleep.

Seek Immediate Medical Care If:
•Headache worsens
•Unable to recognize faces or places
•Dizziness is persistent
•Drainage of blood or fluids from ears/nose
•Unusual behavior or confusion occurs
•Arms or legs become weak and/or numb
•Memory loss occurs
•Drowsiness is excessive or unable to awaken
•Experience seizures
•Visual disturbance or double vision occurs
•Vomiting occurs

Medication
Take acetaminophen(Tylenol) for headache and discomfort.
DO NOT TAKE Ibuprofen, Motrin, Aleve, Aspirin.
DO NOT TAKE prescription pain medications.
DO NOT TAKE sleeping medications.

Diet
Keep diet light, with clear fluids for the first 12-24 hours after injury. Avoid high fat foods. NO ALCOHOL!

Activity
Physical Rest: avoid strenuous activity for at least 24 hours — Return to sports will be gradual based on medical advice.
Brain Rest: No computer/video games/texting/loud music/studying.
Driving: Do not drive until medically cleared.